Main Theme

Asia: Reshaping urban and rural development through planning

As the world enter the “urban era”, both urban and rural areas are facing unprecedented challenges. While the urban areas are overburdened with urban diseases, such as population explosion, housing shortage, traffic congestion, and environmental pollution, the rural areas are also suffering from various rural diseases, such as population decreasing, demographic aging, farmland abandonment, and village decaying. It implies the breaking of the traditional coordinated urban-rural balance to some extent, which dangers the sustainable development of both the urban and rural areas, as well as that of a region or even a country. During this process, planning, as one of the most significant tools of public intervention, play both a positive and negative role in shaping the urban and rural development. As for Asia, which is unique for its long farming civilization in history and notable for its high-density and large-scale megacities nowadays, planning is far more influential. In the new era, how to rebuild a new balance between the urban and rural areas to promote coordinated urban-rural development through planning is a common and urgent issue for all Asian countries. The 14th APSA congress entitled as “Asia: Reshaping urban and rural development through planning” will bring together scholars, students, planners, and government officials from all over Asia to exchange their ideas and experiences on urban and rural development, providing valuable Asia wisdom in urban and rural development for the world. Sub themes of this congress include:

Sub-Theme 1: Governance

Governance plays an important role in dealing with the relationship between urban and rural areas, especially at the regional level. The aim of this sub-theme is to discuss regional policies, programs and projects that try to promote the integration of city regions to eliminate the gap between urban and rural areas, as well as that among the cities of different scales. The keywords may include, but not limited to the following.

  • Regional governance and coordination
  • Integration of economy and ecology
  • Regional transportation and infrastructure planning
  • Regional responses to climate change
  • Planning strategies for coordinated urban-rural development

Sub-Theme 2: Identity/Heritage

Asia is unique for its variety of urban context and rural landscape. “Identity” is the soul of a place and “Heritage” is a carrier of local memory for expressing the culture and history of a locality. The aim of this sub-theme is to discover and strengthen the cultural identity of urban and rural areas to bring prosperity to balanced urban-rural development through planning approaches. The keywords may include, but not limited to the following.

  • Rurality
  • Urban culture
  • Historical and cultural heritage protection
  • Urban and rural regeneration
  • Renewal of traditional wisdom on human settlements planning

Sub-Theme 3: Solidarity/Equity

Equity is the core issue of the spatial reconstruction of urban and rural areas. Planning, which is a policy decision-making process of space, resources and public services allocation, is of great importance in shaping urban and rural equity. The aim of this sub-theme is to explore the possibilities of providing an equal chance to all groups of people in planning, to remove the barriers and segregation in public services and to innovate the planning mechanism to encourage public participation. The keywords may include, but not limited to the following.

  • Integration of urban and rural areas
  • Affordable urban and rural housing
  • Inclusive social development
  • Public participation in planning
  • Construction of rural community

Sub-Theme 4: Sustainability/Environment

As the world is challenged by climate change, sea-level rising, green-house effects, etc., the urban and rural area are facing unprecedented crisis including not only natural disasters, but also man-made risks. The aim of this sub-theme is to search for the ways of rebalancing the artificial environment and the natural environment through planning strategies, to make human settlements more safe, green and healthy. The keywords may include, but not limited to the following.

  • Resilient city
  • Disaster mitigation
  • Ecosystem protection and restoration
  • Low-carbon planning
  • Healthy urban and rural planning

Sub-Theme 5: Smart/Intelligence

With the emerging and spreading of new technologies, the urban and rural planning is undergoing a process of revolution. The aim of this sub-theme is to explore the new possibilities that advanced and appropriate technologies may bring to urban and rural planning, which will help to strengthen the studies and management on urban and rural development. The keywords may include, but not limited to the following.

  • Smart city and smart village
  • Big data application
  • Spatial analysis methods
  • Appropriate technologies for green development
  • Urban growth boundary control

Sub-Theme 6: Planning & Education

As the problems of urban and rural development become more complicated, planning education patterns shall be updated. The aim of this sub-theme is to explore new planning education patterns, mechanisms and methods to meet the challenges of informatization, informality and flexibility to respond the new trends of urban and rural development. The keywords may include, but not limited to the following.

  • Role of planning education
  • New challenges to planning education
  • From theory to practice
  • International experience of planning education
  • Comparative studies on planning education