Beijing is the capital of the People's Republic of China and the world's third most populous city proper. It is also one of the world's most populous capital cities. The city, located in northern China, is governed as a direct-controlled municipality under the national government with 16 urban, suburban, and rural districts. Beijing Municipality is surrounded by Hebei Province with the exception of neighboring Tianjin Municipality to the southeast; together the three divisions form the Jingjinji metropolitan region and the national capital region of China.
Beijing is the second largest Chinese city by urban population after Shanghai and is the nation's political, cultural, and educational center. It is home to the headquarters of most of China's largest state-owned companies, and is a major hub for the national highway, expressway, railway, and high-speed rail networks. The Beijing Capital International Airport is the second busiest in the world by passenger traffic. The city's subway network is among the longest and busiest in the world.
The city's history dates back three millennia. As the last of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China, Beijing has been the political center of the country for much of the past eight centuries. The city is renowned for its opulent palaces, temples, parks, gardens, tombs, walls and gates, and its art treasures and universities have made it a center of culture and art in China. Encyclopædia Britannica notes that "few cities in the world have served for so long as the political headquarters and cultural centre of an area as immense as China." Beijing has seven UNESCO World Heritage Sites – the Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Summer Palace, Ming Tombs, Zhoukoudian, as well as parts of the Great Wall and the Grand Canal. Beijing hosted the 2008 Summer Olympics and was chosen to host the 2022 Winter Olympics, which will make it the first city to ever host both events.
Official Website of the Beijing Government: http://beijing.gov.cn/ir/index.html
Beijing Municipal Commission of Tourism Development: http://r.visitbeijing.com.cn/
Tsinghua University was established in 1911, originally under the name “Tsinghua Xuetang”. The school was renamed "Tsinghua School" in 1912. The university section was founded in 1925. The name “National Tsinghua University” was adopted in 1928.
The faculty greatly valued the interaction between Chinese and Western cultures, the sciences and humanities, the ancient and modern. Tsinghua scholars Wang Guowei, Liang Qichao, Chen Yinque and Zhao Yuanren, renowned as the "Four Tutors" in the Institute of Chinese Classics, advocated this belief and had a profound impact on Tsinghua's later development.
Tsinghua University was forced to move to Kunming and join with Peking University and Nankai University to form the Southwest Associated University due to the Resistance War against the Japanese Invasion in 1937. In 1946 The University was moved back to its original location in Beijing after the war.
After the founding of the People's Republic of China, the University was molded into a polytechnic institute focusing on engineering in the nationwide restructuring of universities and colleges undertaken in 1952. In November 1952, Mr. Jiang Nanxiang became the President of the University. He made significant contributions in leading Tsinghua to become the national center for training engineers and scientists with both professional proficiency and personal integrity.
Since China opened up to the world in 1978, Tsinghua University has developed at a breathtaking pace into a comprehensive research university. At present, the university has 20 schools and 54 departments with faculties in science, engineering, humanities, law, medicine, history, philosophy, economics, management, education and art. The University has now over 46,200 students, including 15,636 undergraduates and 30,564 graduate students. As one of China’s most renowned universities, Tsinghua has become an important institution for fostering talent and scientific research.
With the motto of “Self-Discipline and Social Commitment” and the spirit of “Actions Speak Louder than Words”, Tsinghua University is dedicated to the well-being of Chinese society and to world development.
Tsinghua University: http://www.tsinghua.edu.cn
School of Architecture is one of Tsinghua’s 20 schools. It was founded in 1946 as the Department of Architecture by Liang Sicheng, a renowned Chinese architect and educator, and was transformed into the School of Architecture in 1988, comprised of the Department of Architecture and the Department of Urban Planning. Currently, the school consists of four departments: Architecture, Urban Planning, Landscape Architecture, and Building Science and Technology. By the end of 2015, the school has a total number of 1180 students, including 666 undergraduate students, 271 master students and 243 doctoral students. The faculty team has 124 members, including 45 professors, 57 associate professors. Besides, there are 1 adjunct professors, 3 Double - employed professors, 2 guest professors, 64 full-time researchers and 46 post-doctors.
The urban planning education in Tsinghua SA (School of Architecture) started in 1947 with the opening of the Urban Planning course by Prof. Liang Sicheng. Later in 1951, Prof. Wu Liangyong set up the urban planning teaching group in 1952, the School initiated both undergraduate and post-graduate programs in urban planning. The department obtained the doctoral degree granting authority in 1981 as one of the first few institutions with this authority nationwide. Since the founding of Tsinghua SA in 1988, the department is mainly responsible for teaching and research in urban planning, providing undergraduate, master and PhD programs. By the end of 2015, the department has 33 full-time teachers in seven research orientations: urban and rural history and theory, regional planning, urban planning and management, urban design, housing and communities, rural and urban heritage conservation, urban planning technologies.
School of Architecture, Tsinghua University: http://www.arch.tsinghua.edu.cn